INTRO TOUR INDEX MAP DIG DEEPER
ALL ONE WORLD EGYPTOLOGISTS TOUR
TEMPLE OF ABDJW (SETI I)
— MONDAY 14 JANUARY 2008 — ABYDOS, EGYPT — 19TH DYN. NEW KINGDOM —

photography by Ruth Shilling

We saw three areas of this rich site. Ehab gave a great lecture, while I wandered off and thoughtfully made photography.

 

The city of Abdjw (Abydos) flourished as a cult center for Ausar, from the predynastic period (before 4000 BCE) of Egypt's history down through Christian times (about 641 CE).

 

During the Middle Kingdom, a tomb of the First Dynasty king, Djer (~3050 BCE), was identified as the "burial site of Ausar", the mythological god-king of the predynastic Egyptians (the "Osirieon").

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This emphasis upon Ausar caused the city to become a pilgrimage site, burial ground and the placement of cenotaph monuments that were erected in honor of a dead person whose remains lie elsewhere.

 

Festivals and the passion plays of Ausar’s life and death were performed here from about the 12th Dynasty (1985-1795 BCE Middle Kingdom) until the Christian era.

 

Once a Pharaoh has passed on, he is known as Ausar. Making this site a principal centerpoint for the adoration of the early predynastic kings, whose cemetery lies behind it.

 

Known as the Great Temple of Abydos, the temple of Seti I (19th dynasty, 1290-1279 BCE) is the first monument we explored.

 

Seti I was the first Pharaoh to openly identify with the neter of hardship, opposition and chaos. This is the closest neter of the ancient system to be associated with the Christian idea of Satan.

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This temple, started by the father of Ramses II, includes the famous "Abydos King List" showing the cartouche name of many dynastic pharaohs of Egypt from the first, Narmer/Menes, until the pharaohs of the last dynasty.

 

This impressive list provided Egyptologists with a contemporary source for a timeline of this great civilization.

 

This list included only the kings that the Seti/Ramses administration chose to acknowledge. Missing are any of the rulers that did not meet with the approval of the Amunian priestcraft such as Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Smenkhkare, Tutankhamen, and Ay.

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