The use of papyrus dates to the First dynasty of ancient Egypt.
Ancient Egyptians used this plant for boats, mattresses, mats and paper.
The sticky fibrous inner pith is cut lengthwise into thin strips of about 40 cm long. The strips are then placed side by side on a hard surface with their edges slightly overlapping, and then another layer of strips is laid on top at a right angle. While still moist, the two layers are hammered together, mashing the layers into a single sheet. The sheet is then dried under pressure.